Manding Predicate Marker Correspondences

Continuing the discussion from Mandinka-Bambara Sound Changes / Syntax Changes?:

Some Predicate Markers in Manding Varieties

Marker Bambara Jula Maninka Mandinka Examples
Incompletive ye … -la be … -la N bɛ taa
N bɛ taa
N ye taala
M be taala

‘I go’
Completive (transitive) ye ye kà ye I ye baara kɛ
I ye baara kɛ
I kà baara kɛ
I ye baaro ke

‘You worked’ (Lit. "You did work)
Injunction/Optative (Command) ká ká ye Ø I ka kuma!
I ka kuma!
I ye kuma
I kuma!

'You must speak!"
Negative Injunction (Prohibition) kana kana ká kana I kana kuma!
I kana kuma!
I ka kuma

'You mustn’t speak!"
Imperative Ø Ø Ø Ø Kuma!

Negative Imperative kana kana kana kana Kana kuma!
Kana kuma!
Kana kuma!

“Don’t speak!”
Future bɛna bɛna di be … -la N bɛna taa
N bɛna taa
N di taa
M be taala

‘I will go’


  • Bambara = standard Malian Bambara
  • Jula = standard Burkinabè Jula
  • Maninka = standard Guinean Maninka
  • Mandinka = standard Senegambian Mandinka
1 Like

I ni ke, @Iterimaa ! I set up this topic as well with the initial post being a wiki post that we can collaborate on :slight_smile:

Let me know if someone of the examples aren’t good because of the verb not being the same in Mandinka. (This is already kind of the case for Maninka; I used ka taa ‘to go’, but Maninka speakers generally prefer the synonym ka wa [which is not generally used in Bambara or Jula].)